Spanish Immersion is wonderfully effective way to prepare our students well for the kind of world in which they live and work, interacting and collaborating with many different people wherever they may be, as well as around the world. Even more, Spanish Immersion further equips our students to carry out the Gospel mission to which we are called as Christ’s disciples, namely, to join God in cultivating shalom amidst the chaos we find in our world.
For the 2019-20 school year, we are offering 3-year-old Spanish Immersion (SI) preschool on Tuesday and Thursday mornings, 4-year-old SI preschool on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings, a SI kindergarten class, and a 1st grade class. We plan to continue to add a single section of consecutive grades each year, through 5th grade by 2023.
/ DUAL LANGUAGE IMMERSION MODELS
There are many different models for immersion language instruction. Holland Christian uses the “early total one-way” model. Research shows that this model is the most effective for our student population and creates and environment for the highest level of Spanish fluency by the end of the program.
Early Total One-Way In this model, majority language students receive 100% of their academic instruction in Spanish. In grades K-2, children learn to read first in Spanish. Then instructional time in Spanish decreases by percentages as the students progress through elementary school. The introduction of formal English instruction varies based on student demographic and other socio-cultural factors. In most cases in the U.S., however, fifth or sixth grade immersion students continue to receive a minimum of 50% of their instruction in the immersion language.
Partial Dual Language Immersion In this model, majority language speakers receive less than 50% of content instruction in Spanish. This percentage remains consistent throughout elementary school. Students often learn to read in both their native and second languages in the lower grades. Research suggests that students in partial programs do not have Spanish proficiency to support the increased cognitive demands required in upper elementary and post primary grades.
Two-Way Dual Language Immersion This educational model emphasizes bilingualism and biliteracy for both majority and minority culture learners by enrolling equal numbers of students from each language group at every grade level. Two-way dual language immersion education began in Florida with about half the students being Spanish-dominant and the other half being English-dominant. Although variations exist within two-way models (from 90-10* to 50-50), most often students receive literacy instruction primarily in Spanish.
In Holland Christian’s Early Total One-Way Language Immersion program students are instructed in Spanish the following percentage of time during the school day:
- 4 year old Preschool: 100% Spanish
- Kindergarten: 100% Spanish
- 1st Grade: 100% Spanish
- 2nd Grade: 100% Spanish until the last eight weeks of the academic year, when students are instructed in English two hours per week
- 3rd Grade: two hours and forty-five minutes of English per week
What have been some of the positive outcomes for students and families from implementing a Spanish Immersion program?
- Students view themselves as bilingual and are willing to step out of their comfort zones because they have to do that as they practice their second language.
- A greater diversity within the teaching staff. It can change the face of a school and make it a more open place. In schools with immersion programs, families have enrolled their children in the English track, saying that they chose the school system because it must be an excepting, open place if it has an immersion program. It also allows students to interact with people “different” than themselves and learn to love them, which makes them more aware of other peoples and cultures, and also more open to them.
- Students with Spanish language skills have had opportunities to serve people in need of language help now. Parents are so proud of them when they do this.
- The students’ worldview has changed because of the influence of their teachers, but also because languages can shape one’s view of the world and having two languages gives them another perspective.
/ MEET OUR SPANISH IMMERSION TEACHERS
Drumroll please…. We’re thrilled to introduce you to our preschool and kindergarten Spanish Immersion teachers for 2018-19!
Meet Maestra Perla DeLeon
3-Year-Old and 4-Year-Old Spanish Immersion Preschool Teacher
I graduated from Valle del Bravo University in my native country of Mexico with a B.A. in Communications. For the last 20 years I have served in a variety of capacities within the early childhood education field that included positions with Head Start and CASA programs at Hope College. I also spent several years teaching preschool in the Spanish Immersion program at Zeeland Christian. Most recently I have served as the Spanish FLES teacher at Rose Park for the last four years.
I am truly grateful for the opportunity to teach my native language of Spanish to the students at Holland Christian. I love worshiping God not only with my voice and hands but with my life as well. Each day I greet students with the realization that God has a plan and a purpose for their lives (Jeremiah 29:11) and I cherish the opportunity to have a small part in that plan by showing them the love of God in a practical and tangible way.
I have three children ages 12, 9, and 7 who all attend Rose Park. My husband is also a teacher and soccer coach. I am an active member of Holland First Assembly of God Church where I also teach Sunday school and serve as youth group leader. In my spare time I enjoy drawing, scrapbooking, photography, and spending time with family and friends!
Meet Maestra Hillary Klipp Lopez
Spanish Immersion Kindergarten Teacher
I am excited to be part of the Spanish Immersion team next year at Holland Christian! Originally from the Boston area, I studied at Grove City College in western Pennsylvania, where I got my B.A. in English and Spanish. During that time, I studied abroad for a semester in Seville, Spain, and I also did summer mission work in Reynosa, Mexico, where I moved after graduating from college. In Mexico, I worked for two years at an international school, where I taught various subjects and grade levels. I also married my husband, Miguel, there in 2009, and we moved over the border to McAllen, Texas in 2010.
In Texas, I spent three years working at IDEA Public Schools, a charter school system serving the community of the Rio Grande Valley and other cities in Texas. I then left the public school system to teach adult ESL at South Texas College for three years. During this time, my husband and I welcomed daughter Anaiah in 2013 and son Isaac in 2015.
In the summer of 2016, we moved back up north to be closer to family (and experience seasons again!). After a 12-day, 12-state road trip, we arrived in the Lakes Region of New Hampshire, where I began to work towards my Master’s degree in Language Education. After a whirlwind year, I finished my degree and my family decided to relocate again to Holland in the fall of 2017. I spent the first half of the year teaching Spanish to grades K-7 at South Side, Pine Ridge, and HCMS. In February, I was asked to move to the high school and teach Spanish 2 and a Spanish Immersion class. I have thoroughly loved working with students of all ages this year and getting to know the Holland Christian community!
My family is deeply committed to promoting bilingualism and biculturalism here in Holland as well as on a global scale. We have been actively involved in the launch of Engedi Español, a new ministry to the Hispanic community of Holland. Also, our own two children will be part of the preschool and kindergarten founding classes in the Spanish Immersion program next year. I look forward to sharing my love of language and culture with my future kindergarteners and their families!
Meet Maestra Dinah Pereira
Spanish Immersion Program Coordinator
I am a 2005 Hope College graduate with a Bachelors in Special Education and a Master’s in Administrative Education from the University of Phoenix. I found my passion for Spanish through my family and culture. I come from a Mexican and Puerto Rican family, who have been in Holland since the early 1970’s. I grew up in Holland and have always wanted to be a teacher, who not only impacted students but also someone who helps to lead those who have the same passion as I.
I have been married for 9 years and have two wonderful boys. In a house full of boys we spend lots of time outside and dreaming of the wonderful adventures we can have. I enjoy journaling, reading and drinking coffee with good friends. We have been members of Res- Life Holland for almost 7 years. My husband and I lead the Spanish church within Res-life called Iglesia vida, as associate pastors. I have participated and have lead children’s church, hospitality and worship with creative arts.
I am so excited to be part of Holland Christian Schools. It has always been a dream of mine to be able to live out my passion for teaching and for Christ in the same place. In my position this year as the Coordinator for our new Spanish Immersion program and being part of the FLES team will allow me to do all these great things. The one verse that resonates with me most often is Psalm 19:14, “May the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing to you, O LORD, my rock and my redeemer.”
Babies are born as “world citizens,” able to distinguish any sound in spoken language.
Toddlers learn through interaction with their families and their immediate surroundings (Vygotsky, 1978).
School-age children make sense of new concepts by relating those new concepts to what they already know.
The human brain is more open to linguistic development prior to adolescence and students therefore more easily attain higher levels of proficiency and more native-like pronunciation.
Research suggests that learning a second language allows students to more easily attain additional languages.
In the United Sates, 1 in 7 persons is Hispanic. By 2020, Hispanics are expected to account for half of the growth in the United States’ labor force. Spanish is the second most widely spoken language in the world. Spanish is a “gateway” language that allows students to learn the syntax and and orthography of a LaEn-based or Romance language, thus fostering metalinguistic awareness and allowing students to more easily master academic vocabulary in English, of which many have latin origins (the Spanish word mal = evil/bad — >malicious, malign, malevolent) (Nagy & Townsend, 2012).
The single most important activity families of immersion students can do to aid in their children’s education is READING ALOUD IN ENGLISH (or the primary home language). This does NOT mean you need to teach your children to read. As long as families commit to reading to their children in English (or home language) and exposing them to the language in a variety of social settings, they can trust the add.a.lingua dual language immersion model to ensure their children will read at or above grade level in the immersion language and in English.
Most children growing up in homes in which at least one parent is a native English-speaker, within the United States, acquire English syntax (structure/grammar) and basic vocabulary through interaction with caregivers, relatives, and media by the time they are of school age. Because of time spent in the English language (or primary language in two-way models) at home, the classroom can then become the environment in which immersion students expand their L2 vocabulary and acquire L2 syntax. Interactive classroom read-alouds and guided reading groups allow immersion students to add to vocabulary they have already acquired by listening and responding to their immersion teachers during class time.
Reading skills such as learning to scan sentences from left to right, decoding (looking for phonetic or semantic clues – finding parts – such as prefixes, suffixes, radicals, or characters within words), or deciphering meaning from context are all “transferable” between many languages. Students who learn to read first in Spanish transfer those same skills to the majority culture language of English and are ultimately able to then attain grade level reading competency in two languages rather than just one.
Tell your children what to expect. Help them to understand that “going to school” means learning another language along with all the other interesting skills they will gain (reading, writing, spelling, etc…).
Explain to your children that they will NOT understand every word their teacher is saying when first entering the immersion classroom. Explain that over time, perhaps without even being aware, they will understand and even begin to use the immersion language themselves. For now, encourage your children to think of the first few weeks of school as a game – observing the teachers and then following their lead.
BE POSITIVE. It is natural for many children to resist leaving you upon beginning school, regardless of whether or not the classroom they enter dual language immersion. Many preschool students cry initially and are perhaps more reserved at school as they process the “newness.” Behaviors such as crying and/or acting shy are often extremely normal responses.
Students who enter the program in kindergarten and first grade may have the same types of responses. Because the brain is “exercising” more, as children initially begin to acquire a second language, many students will cry and adamantly oppose the added “work.” Even students who have begun the program in preschool may struggle in kindergarten and/or first grade, as they adjust to being immersed in their second language for longer periods of time.
Your positive attitude will make a huge difference to your children. Immersion students observe their parents’ responses to the program and eventually adjust their attitudes accordingly. Students who receive regular encouragement and assurance from their parents that learning a second language in an immersion setting is the right choice for their family, ALWAYS settle into the program.
The same children who resist an immersion experience at the beginning are often the ones who are vocally grateful for their ability to speak a second language in the higher grade levels.
Just as toddlers learning their native language, immersion students pass through “stages,” as they acquire their second language. As children connect learning in an academic environment with the immersion language, they are able to comprehend and gradually produce more of their ideas and thoughts in not only the target language, but also their primary language.
Children learning another language in an immersion program intuitively understand that language is the means through which they communicate with real people in real-life situations. Immersion students typically will not “perform” on cue when asked by family members to “say something” in Spanish.
Many families of immersion students share concerns about their children never using their second language in the home or when prompted, only to be amazed when hearing their children revert to the target language upon encountering a native Spanish-speaker in the community.
REMEMBER: your children “switch” languages almost automatically, depending on their environment (classroom or real-life context) and with whom they are speaking.
In the initial stages of language acquisition, immersion students may not be able to share what they learned in school. In preschool through a large portion of second grade, most immersion students are unable to directly translate or interpret concepts learned in school for their parents in the non-immersion language. Because immersion students are learning content and their second language simultaneously in an interactive academic and social setting, they do not learn direct translations as in some more traditional world language instructional settings. As students cognitively develop, however, they are more and more able to address new concepts in either language.
Whenever possible, we will send homework in English (or Spanish based on the home language) so that parents can participate in helping their children when they do not speak Spanish. Throughout the initial literacy process (K-2nd grades), immersion teachers send books home with their students so that they can hone reading skills by practicing outside the classroom. A parent or caregiver can sit next to children learning to read in any language and encourage them. Asking your children to act as the “teachers” or “experts” in the Spanish language gives them confidence. They appreciate having knowledge about something you might not. As dual language immersion students progress through the grade levels, teachers may assign some homework in Spanish. However, the concepts the homework entails are clearly laid out in English via newsletters or email explanations. In this way, parents understand assignments their children must complete and the subject content areas being covered. Once dual language immersion students attain middle and high school grade levels, they receive most subject content instruction in English. In this way, as students’ workload and level of difficulty increases, parents are able to help.
Holland Christian partners with our friends at add.a.linga for our elementary Spanish Immersion program. We are grateful for their expertise and research into best practices in the area of immersion education. Thank you to add.a.linga for also providing the answers to the FAQ’s on this page!
Interested in Spanish Immersion for your kids, but need a little outside research to persuade you it truly is a good idea? That your kids could possibly “fare better in the job market,” could be “more likely to demonstrate empathy and problem solving skills”? There are a raft of well-researched articles out there, but here’s a decent online list to start with:
- The Conversation.com: Why the baby [and kid] brain can learn two languages at the same time
- The Conversation.com: Know more than one language? Don’t give it up!
- The Atlantic: America’s Lacking Language Skills
- add.a.lingua blog: why early Spanish literacy instruction is a gift to students
- add.a.lingua blog: Want to help your child develop tenacity? Consider immersion education.
- add.a.lingua blog: 6 questions parents should ask before enrolling their child in a dual language immersion program
- If you want a lot more depth, try Immersion Education: International Perspectives, by Merrill Swain and Keith Johnson
“It’s not just the language—it’s a whole different way of learning. It’s very hands-on, expressive, with a lot of movement and activity in the classroom. They are truly immersed, and not just in the language, but in the culture. We have seen our son making all these connections in his brain, and in a different way.”